Rwanda to reduce number of provinces to five

BBC Monitoring Africa

Text of report in English by Rwandan news agency RNA

The minister of good governance, community development and social affairs (MINALOC), Protais Musoni, has said that Rwanda is to be divided into just five provinces, down from 12, in a government-led effort to restructure provincial borders and frontiers, RNA has established.

While addressing reporters during a press conference at the ministry's offices minister Musoni disclosed that the country, which was originally divided into 12 provinces, 160 districts, 1545 sectors and 9165 cells will be divided into only four provinces and Kigali city with 30 districts and 500 sectors.

The minister further revealed that, the names of the new provinces are yet to be decided upon, but in the meantime they will be known as Northern, Eastern, Western and Southern provinces, with the towns of Rwamagana and Nyanza emerging as headquarters of the eastern and southern provinces

According to a new map available at the ministry certain areas will also assume new names, with the new names appearing in all the five provinces.

The minister continued to say that each sector will be populated by 15,000 to 20,000 people, and water and electricity services will be improved, alluding to the rampant water and electricity shortages that have ravaged the country for over a year now.

Fielding questions from the reporters, the minister responded by stressing that the exercise will benefit locals more than inconvenience them, and disclosed that the action will restore order to the somewhat inefficient grass root levels.

"Nothing can be only positive, everything has its advantages and disadvantages, but in this case the advantages tend to outweigh the disadvantages," the minister articulated.

He also said the refurbishing of the existing offices and headquarters to suit the new developments will cost an estimated 3bn Rwandan francs.

Mr. Musoni was also quoted as saying that the exercise will improve the services offered by the districts since more workers will be operating from one base.

The country has undergone numerous reforms including the changing of the national anthem, flag, emblem, public reform and now the administrative divisions.

Mwirebere namwe aho imitwe igeze_ Hari byinshi aya makarita aduhishe


Chef-lieux: Ouest- Rwamagana
                    Est: Kibuye
                    Sud: Nyanza
                    Nord: Byumba


Il y a un élément qui me semble capital dans les objectifs visés par les réformes territoriales annoncées.  Il s'agit d'une volonté profonde de révisionnisme, un processus de lavage de cerveau au peuple rwandais, pour le priver de tous les repères psycho-sociologiques auxquels il s'est référé depuis plus de 40 ans.  Dans la tête des promoteurs des réformes, il s'agit de l'étape ultime de l'installation du "nouveau Rwanda".  Un Rwanda où toute référence au passé des années 60-90 est diabolisé et réprimé sans merci et avec une brutalité et une maladresse sans égales.
Loin de conclure le plan des nouveaux créateurs du Rwanda, cette démarche constitue une véritable impasse socio-politique et ne présage aucun avenir paisible pour le Rwanda.  C'est une provocation de trop et une preuve supplémentaire que les priorités du régime sont fortement décalés par rapport aux besoins primordiaux d'une population abandonnée à elle seule.  Dans un pays où la population fait face quotidiennement aux besoins de survie, la prédisposition du régime à privilégier des chambardements territoriaux démontre à suffisance que ce régime a d'autres chats à fouetter que de s'occuper du dévelloppement intégré du pays.  C'est un régime dont les préoccupations essentielles visent à distraire la communauté internationale qui traîne trop à découvrir le caractère anti-national du projet de société véhiculé par le régime d'occupation du FPR.  Il va sans dire qu'un tel régime ne prévoit aucun espace pour la libre expression des libertés publiques.
 Commentaires de:
Joseph Ndahimana.


Provincial demarcations cause fear among MPs

By James Munyaneza   
Thursday, 04 August 2005
The impending fresh demarcations of Rwanda's administrative territories, approved last week by the Cabinet, have caused uproar in both chambers of parliament as several MPs fear losing their jobs. Instead of eleven provinces and Kigali City as it is presently, MINALOC is proposing reducing them to five provinces.


Last Wednesday, senators asked Local Government and Social Affairs Minister Protais Musoni to allay their fears about the likely negative consequences that some Senators and MPs might face once the reforms come into force. The Minister was presenting the proposed local government territories to be effected January 2006. 



They expressed concern particularly on the fate of those senators and deputies that came into parliament during the 2003 parliamentary elections representing the current provinces and Kigali city. It was an apparent reference to twelve senators, each representing a province, one from Kigali city, and twenty six women in the Chamber of Deputies, each of the present eleven provinces and Kigali city having two.
"I am wondering what would be the fate of those MPs who represent different constituencies once these areas are re-demarcated," Senator Dr Odette Nyiramirimo (PL) queried. Senator Chrysologue Kubwimana (Gisenyi) and others voiced the same concerns.

However in response, Minister Musoni could not satisfactorily put to rest the MPs' anxiety as he said no definite agreement had been reached yet on most of the looming impacts of the reforms. But he told MPs that his suggestion would be that they retain their seats only during the current mandate and then the Constitution be reviewed and adjusted accordingly.
"For instance where the Constitution says 'each province shall have two (women) MPs' provision can be modified say on the number of representations to reflect the new arrangement," Musoni said. He said this would however be debated on and a final decision taken.

"It is thereafter, that elections would be organised in accordance with the new demarcations," he added.
Should the executive and legislature accommodate Musoni's proposal, then the reforms would most likely hurt the 24 women MPs representing the Constituencies than the affected senators. This is because deputies would remain uncertain whether to vie for a second term in 2007 when their five-year mandate ends, while senators are to serve an eight-year non renewable term.
But it remains to be seen what would befall these legislators should Musoni's proposals sail through.

Some political pundits however say that even with the second possibility, the affected legislators could still retain their posts by virtue of Article 64 (A) in the Constitution. It reads, "Every Member of Parliament represents the whole nation and not just those who elected or nominated him or her or the political organisation on whose ticket he or she stood for election."

Senators looked slightly excited at the new public and territorial administrative redesigns, but the uncertainty over the fate of the seats saw an apprehensive atmosphere marring the plenary session.
They also expressed anxiety over the impending loss of jobs by thousands of civil servants at local government levels as a result of the reforms. They also questioned the names to be given to the new areas. On this, Musoni said most of the areas would be named after their respective present towns to avoid the difficulties that were encountered during the previous naming of areas which almost split the then Transitional National Assembly into two.

The minister said the proposed setup establishes districts widely on the model of the past arrangement of Sous Prefectures, and said the new district authorities will have full powers to use infrastructures that formerly belonged to the Sous-Prefectures.


Under the new arrangement, provinces have been condensed from eleven down to four. Kigali City has also been stretched to several areas currently belonging to Kigali-Ngali Province.

The proposed districts are 30, a remarkable fall from 106 today, while sectors would be cut from the current 1,545 to about 450.
Kigali city is planned to have four districts down from eight. The proposed districts, each a merger of several districts, are Nyarugenge, Gisozi, Kicukiro and Gasabo. This means that under the new proposal, the districts of Kacyiru, Kanombe, Gikondo, Nyamirambo and Butamwa would cease to exist.

The rest of the country will be divided into four larger provinces: Eastern, Northern, Western and Southern. The Eastern province will cover today's provinces of Umutara,  Kibungo and some parts of Byumba and Kigali-Ngali provinces; while several districts of Byumba, Kigali-Ngali and Ruhengeri will be merged to form the Northern region.
The Western region will comprise of the present-day provinces of Gisenyi, Kibuye and Cyangugu and parts of Ruhengeri province; while the Southern region would merge the provinces of Gitarama, Butare, Gikongoro, Kibuye and some areas of Kigali Ngali province.

Proposed provincial districts and Capitals:
East- Bugesera, Gatsibo, Kayonza, Kibungo, Kirehe, Rwamagana (capital) and Nyagatare.
North-Burera, Byumba (capital), Gakenke, Ruhengeri and Rulindo.
West-Cyangugu, Gasiza, Gisenyi, Kibuye (capital), Ngororero, Nyamasheke and Rutsiro.
South-Butare, Gikongoro, Gisagara, Gitarama, Kamonyi, Nyanza (Capital) and Nyaruguru.

Comme le disait si pertinemment notre Gacamigani national, "INKA YA NKORONKO IGIRA INKOMOKO".


Autre commentaire

Rien (mais alors absolument rien) chez les INKOTANYI ne se fait au hasard; et surtout pas le choix des noms, des lieux et des symboles.
 La liste des capitales du Rwanda sous Kigeri IV Rwabugiri rwa Nkoronko et sous Kagame 1er ka Rutagambwa est très éloquente et se passe de tout commentaire.
I. Les capitales du Rwanda sous Kigeri IV Rwabugiri rwa Nkoronko dit INKOTANYI CYANE étaient:
1. KIGALI (umurwa mukuru) ou, en cas d'oracles divinatoires défavorables, Kabuye près Jabana toujours à KIGALI;
2. Mwima près Mushirarungu à NYANZA;
3. Rubengera à KIBUYE;
4. Gatsibo à BYUMBA ou, en cas d'oracles divinatoires défavorables, Nyabishambi  toujours à BYUMBA;
5. Gasabo dans le Buganza, ou, en cas d'oracles divinatoires défavorables, RWAMAGANA toujours dans le Buganza, RWAMAGANA.
II. Les capitales du Rwanda sous Kagame 1er ka Rutagambwa dit INKOTANYI CYANE MZEE KIJANA sont (d'après le projet de réforme "administrative" Protais Musoni):
1. KIGALI city;
Les paroles prophétiques du Docteur Déogratias Munyambuga, dit Malumba (UMURIRI) prennent aujourd'hui, de manière dramatique, toute leur signification.








Ils n'ont manifestement rien appris ni rien oublié. Faudra-t-il une nouvelle révolution pour qu'ils reviennent à la raison? 

Timing et agenda caché de la réforme "administrative" Protais Musoni au Rwanda
Objectif: Gagner les élections présidentielles de 2010.
Condition: Gagner les élections communales de 2006.
Timing: La réforme doit être adoptée avant 2006.
Pourquoi les élections communales de 2006 sont-elles d'une importance capitale?
Parce qu'elles détermineront le vainqueur des élections présidentielles de 2010. Il est donc impératif que les 30 maires de districts soient tous issus du FPR.
Qu'est-ce qui peut nous garantir que les 30 maires de districts qui seront élus en 2006 seront tous issus du FPR?
Réponse: Le Préfet veillera au grain.
Question: Puisque les 30 maires de districts qui seront élus en 2006 seront tous issus du FPR, ne peut-on se passer des services du Préfet dès 2006?
Réponse: NON. Tout d'abord, on ne peut se passer des services du Préfet avant qu'il ne fasse élire nos 30 maires. Ensuite, même après l'élection de ceux-ci, il convient de ne pas perdre de vue qu'une autorité nommée est toujours plus facile à contrôler qu'une autorité élue. Les élus peuvent parfois réserver de mauvaises surprises à ceux qui les ont fait élire. Par contre, les nommés sont toujours fidèles. Et si d'aventure ils ne le sont plus, on les vire et on les remplace. Il nous faut donc absolument un Préfet (ou Gouverneur, comme on voudra l'appeler) nommé, très puissant, qui reste en place au moins jusqu'en 2010. Cela nous évitera de mauvaises surprises d'ici là.
Question: Et que se passera-t-il en 2010?
Réponse: En 2010, commencera le second septennat (et en principe le dernier) du Président Paul Kagame. Pour ce motif, 2017 c'est l'inconnu total. Qui peut prévoir l'inconnu? Tout peut arriver en 2017, en ce y compris une révision constitutionnelle à la Kaguta Museveni.
De toute façon, on aura le temps d'y penser, et de voir venir. La priorité pour le moment c'est 2010, et non 2017. Tout le reste, c'est de la poudre aux yeux.


Abatabizi bicwa no kutabimenya.