U Rwanda rukeneye impinduka ihereye mu mizi  

 
 

Mu nyandiko igera ku kinyamakuru Umuvugizi, yanditswe n誕bahoze ari abayobozi bakuru b段gihugu n段nkoramutima za Kagame ndetse bamufashije kugera ku butegetsi , ubu basigaye bose baba mu bungiro, barimo Gen Kayumba Nyamwasa, wahoze ari umugaba mukuru w段ngabo, ndetse akaba yaranabaye Amabasaderi w置 Rwanda mu gihugu cy旦buhinde; Col Patrick Karegeya  wayoboye urwego rw段perereza cyane ryo hanze mu Rwanda; Maj Dr Theogene Rudasingwa, wabaye umunyamabanga  mukuru wa FPR, Ambasaderi w置 Rwanda muri Amerika, n置muyobozi w段biro bya Perezida wa Repubulika na Gerald Gahima, wahoze ari umushinjacyaha mukuru, na Perezida w旦rukiko rw段kirenga wungirije, bavuga ko kugira ngo u Rwanda rugere kuri demokarasi, rucyeneye impinduka ihereye mu mizi.

Aba bagabo bavuga ko u Rwanda rwahuye n段kibazo cyo gupfusha abaturage barwo barenga miliyoni bazize intambara na jenoside. Iyo ntambara na jenoside byagize ingaruka zikomeye mu bihugu by段biyaga bigari, ndetse no muri Afrika yo hagati muri rusange. Nyuma y段ntamba na jenoside u Rwanda rwagerageje kwiyubaka; bakomeje bavuga ko ku bashyitsi iyo bageze mu Rwanda batangazwa n段zamuka ry置 Rwanda, umutekano ndetse n段suku igaragara, n段myitwarire y誕banyarwanda irimo ubwitonzi n段kinyabupfura.

Inshuti ndetse n誕bafana  ba Leta y置 Rwanda zivuga ko kwiyubaka ku Rwanda nyuma y段ntambara na jenoside tubicyesha Kagame. Ndetse bamwe b誕banyamahanga bakavuga ko ari we wazanye umutekano mu Rwanda ndetse no mu karere muri rusange.
 
Ibyagezweho na FPR:

FPR yageze kubintu byishi uhereye muri 1994, abasirikare bayo muri rusange bahagaritse jenoside, nubwo hari bamwe mu barokotse jenoside babibona ukundi, cyangwa batabyemera. Guverinoma ya FPR yabashije kongera gushyiraho amategeko, ishyiraho inzego z段gihugu, ndetse ibasha gushyiraho na serivise z段banze zikorera abaturage, icyura amamiliyoni y段mpunzi, izabaga hanze ndetse n段zari zarahungiye mu gihugu hagati, u Rwanda ruba igihugu kiyobowe n段nzego, rushobora gukora nka Leta.

U Rwanda rufashijwe n誕mahanga rwashoboye kongera kwiyubaka mu rwego rw置bukungu. Ntiduhakana ko Perezida Kagame afite uruhare mu kwiyubaka k置 Rwanda nyuma y段ntambara na jenoside.
Ariko hari byinshi k置 Rwanda na Kagame bitari amagorofa mashya, gukubura imihanda, n段bindi. Kugeza ubu u Rwanda ruyobowe n段shyaka rimwe, naryo riyobowe n誕gatsiko kayobora igihugu nk置yobora umuryango we. 
Ubuyobozi bwa FPR bwafunze burundu imiryango ya politiki y置 Rwanda, kugeza ubu mu Rwanda nta bwisanzure bwa politiki buhabarizwa.  Kugeza ubu,  FPR ntiyihanganira abatavuga rumwe nayo cyangwa ngo yemere ko habaho ipiganwa mu buyobozi.  Leta kandi ya FPR yihariye ubuyobozi n置bushobozi bw段gihugu cyose ikoresheje intwaro yo kubangamira no guca burundu  uburenganzira bw段banze, n置mudendezo w abaturage. Itangazamakuru ryigenga, sosiyete sivile ndetse n誕mashyaka atavuga rumwe na FPR, yabujijwe burundu uburenganzira bwayo bwo gukorera  mu bwisanzure. Perezida Kagame n段shyaka rye bayobora igihugu bakurikije ikiribubahe ingufu zo kuguma ku butegetsi no kwiharira ubuyobozi n置bubasha  bwose bw段nzego z段gihugu. 
 
U Rwanda rwananiwe kugera kumiyoborere myiza na Demokarasi. FPR yakoze ibishoboka byose kugirango yikubire ububasha bwose bw段gihugu muri politiki no mu bukungu. U Rwanda ruyobowe n段shyaka rimwe rikora icyo rishatse, rikoresheje igitugu, ritegekwa (controlled) na Kagame n誕gatsiko gato k誕basirikare bakuru  b誕batutsi n誕basivile bake b誕banyamuryango (cadres) bakari inyuma.

Kwigizwayo kw誕bahutu.

Abahutu benshi bahejejwe inyuma muri politiki y置 Rwanda, inzego zose z置butegetsi zirimo ikandamiza kandi zikorera ishyaka riri k置butegetsi, guverinoma ikora ibishoboka byose ngo ikomeze yikubire ubushobozi n置bubasha  bwose bw段gihugu ikoresheje ikandamizwa.
Ibibazo byishi bikomeje kwibazwa ku maherezo y段gihugu cyacu. Igihugu kizashobora gukomeza kubungabunga ibyo kimaze kugeraho? Guverinoma iriho izashobora kuguma gucunga amahoro ahari n段bikorwa ikomeje gukora bitandukanye na demokarasi, kandi abantu benshi batemera ubutegetsi buriho nk置bwagiyeho mu nzira ya demokarasi (illegitimate government)? Ni gute twahuza cyangwa twagereranya umwidegembyo w誕bantu (agatsiko) ku giti cyabo, n段bisabwa ngo haboneke ubwisanzure n誕mahoro by誕baturage muri rusange? Abaturage bakora iki, mu gihe abategetsi bakoze amakosa yo kuyobora igihugu nk誕karima kabo, bagahonyora nkana uburenganzira bw段banze bw誕banyagihugu?

Ibindi bibazo

Ese abaturage bakomeza kurwanya ubwo buyobozi bubi mu mahoro cyangwa bafata intwaro?Ese intwaro biramutse bigaragaye ko zitemewe, bitewe n置ko zituma abantu bapfa n段bindi bibi, niki kindi abaturage bakora ngo barwanire uburenganzira bwabo bwahonyowe? Niki cyafasha u Rwanda kuva mukibazo cy誕makimbirane rufite, hakabonaka  umwanzuro w誕mahoro utuma abanyarwanda bava mu kibazo abaturage barwo bafite?

Imiyoborere y置 Rwanda ntishobora kuganirwaho , kubera  imiterere ya FPR, ndetse n置buryo bw段miyoborere yayo, kubera ubwiganze bwa FPR na Kagame muri politiki y置 Rwanda nyuma ya jenoside n段ntambara. FPR niyo yasaga naho iyoboye ubutegetsi bwose bw段gihugu nyuma ya jenoside n段ntambara, kuko ari we mutwe wonyine utaravugaga rumwe na Leta yari riho, warufite igisirikari, washoboye guhangana n誕bateguye kandi bagashyira mu bikorwa jenoside.
 
Nyuma y段ntambara na jenoside FPR yafatanyije n誕mashyaka yose ataravugaga rumwe na Habyarimana agamije kurwanya igitugu cyariho. Kuva 1995 FPR yagiye gahoro gahoro yigarurira yonyine ubuyobozi.
FPR yashinzwe ari umutwe ugamije guhuza abantu ku giti cyabo, amashyaka ya politiki, n誕bandi bose bafite amateka ya politiki, ngo bashobora kuzana demokarasi izira amacyemwa mu Rwanda. Kuva yashingwa muri 1979, ikiri Rwandese Alliance for Nation Union (RANU) kugeza yafata ubutegetsi muri 1994, FPR yari ifite intego zo kuzana ubwigenge na demokarasi mu bwuzuzanye, hakajyaho guverinoma irangwa n誕mahame ya Demakarasi.

Kugeza ubu FPR ntabwo ikiri ishyaka rigifite intego zo kuzana demokarasi nk置ko abayishinze babyifuzaga.  Yabaye akarima k誕bantu kugiti cyabo. Ubu ishyaka risigaye rigizwe n置bwoba, ryafashwe bugwate na Kagame uriyoborana igitugu kirimo iterabwoba.
Nkuko twabivuze FPR yatangiye urugamba ifite intego zo kurwanya igitugu cya Habyarimana, ariko kuva aho igereye k置butegetsi izo ntego yagiye izihindura, izisimbuza kuniga demokarasi no kwimakaza umuco w段gitugu, igabanya urubuga n置bwisanzure bwa politiki mu Rwanda.

Kuva 1995 abanyapolitiki  nka Ministiri w段ntebe Faustin Twagiramungu n誕bandi ba minisitiri banenze imikorere ya FPR, batangiye kwigizwayo n置butegetsi bwa FPR. Kuva icyo gihe nibwo yatangiye kwikubira ubuyobozi n置bubasha bwose mu gihugu.
Kwikubira ubuyozi n置bubasha bwose bw段gihugu ntabwo yabibonye  mu nzira nyazo zitunganye, ahubwo yabibonye ikuraho burundu ubwisanzure n置rubuga rwa politiki, itangira gutoteza abatavuga rumwe nayo, ikoreshe igisirikare cy段gihugu mu kubangamira uburenganzira bw段banze bw誕baturage. Ntiyafunze gusa urubuga rwa politiki, ahubwo yatwaye buri murimo wose ukorerwa mu gihugu, ku buryo ubu u Rwanda ruri nyuma mu bwisanzure y置butegetsi FPR yarwanije, ni ukuvuga mbere ya jenoside.
Kugeza ubu mu Rwanda inzego zose z置buyozi zisa naho zitabaho, Perezida yafashe bugwate ububasha bwose bw旦rwego nyubahiriza-tegeko (Executive organ) na rwo rwamize bunguri izindi nzego zose zigihugu.

Ibyo yise amacakubiri

Kuva 2003 guverinoma yategetse urwego rushinga amategeko (legislative) narwo rutigenga nkuko twabivuze, gukora amategeko abiri areba Ivangaura n棚ngengabitekerezo ya jenoside, iyakoresha icecekesha abatavuga rumwe nayo ndetse na sosiyeti sivili cyane cyane abaharanira uburenganzira bw段kiremwa muntu. Ibi byaha ntabwo bisobanutse neza muri iri tegeko.
Politiki y段vanguramoko iracyahari mu Rwanda, abahutu benshi bari mugice cyo hagati (middle class) bahejejwe inyuma y置butegetsi. Abandi bahejejwe mu buhungiro kuva 1994, batabonye uburyo baza bakiyunga n置butegetsi bushya, bategereje ko hagira igihinduka. Bamwe bari muri DRC, bahanganye n置butegetsi bw u Rwanda imyaka 16 yose nyuma ya jenoside.
Amashyaka atavuga rumwe na guverinoma ya FPR yakomeje gusaba ko habaho ibiganiro hakarebwa uko hacyemurwa ikibazo cya politiki  gikomeje kugaragara mu gihugu, ariko guverinoma yarabyanze ivuga ko nta mpamvu y段biganiro ikibazo cyarangiye.

Ubwiyunge 

Ntabwiyunge nyabwo bushobora kubaho igihe cyose abahutu bakomeje kwimirwa kugira uruhare muri politiki y置 Rwanda, kandi, hatabayeho kwizeza abaturage uburenganzira bungana imbere y誕mategeko, kandi abantu bakagira uburenganzira ku mutungo w段gihugu, kandi uburenganzira bw段kiremwa muntu bukubahirizwa aho gukomeza kubangamirwa 
Amahoro arambye ntabwo ashobora kubaho ibi bibazo bikomeye biri mu banyarwanda bitarabonerwa umuti.

Ibibazo nk段bi ntabwo binaniranye, ahubwo biroreshye kubirwanya. Yenda u Rwanda ruzagira amahirwe yo kugira izindi ngufu zirwanya ibibazo byose zikimakaza umuco w誕mahoro na demokarasi nyayo! Ibi bizaterwa n誕barimo babikora harimo na Perezida Kagame, abanyarwanda bose muri rusange ndetse n段miryango mpuzamahanga.
Hacyenewe intambwe igomba guterwa kugirango harwanywe ibindi bibazo bishya bishobora kuvuka , hakaboneka u Rwanda  rufite amahoro, Demokarasi, ubwiyunge nyabwo, n誕majyambere arambye.
Guteza imbere ubwigenge n置musingi wubakwaho amahoro n誕majyambere nyayo y誕banyarwanda bose.

Kwemera ibiganiro-mpaka byo ku rwego rw段gihugu, mu rwego rwo kurebera hamwe ibibazo by段ngutu u Rwanda rufite, bikabonerwa umuti, hakubakwa u Rwanda rw弾jo ruzira  ikizinga, hagashyirwaho guverinoma nshya y段huriro ry誕banyarwanda, ikayobora u Rwanda muri demokarasi, kandi imiryango mpuzamahanga cyane cyane ibihugu bidukikije bikagira uruhare mu gufasha u Rwanda muri iryo vugururamatwara rigamije amahoro, demokarasi n置bwiyunge nyabwo.

Abanyarwanda  n段miryango mpuzamahanga bafite inshingano zo kugira uruhare mu kurwanya no guhindura iyi guverinoma y段gitugu.
Ibibi byose byabaye  hamwe no guceceka nibyo byatumye jenoside yo mu 1994 ishoboka. Hagomba gufatwa ingamba zo kubirwanya, kugirango ibyabaye bitazongera.

Charles I.
charlesroi.roi05@gmail.com